Hari Singh appealed to the Indian government for military assistance and fled to India. Indian and Pakistani forces thus fought their first war over Kashmir in
History of Kashmir and Jammu and Kashmir princely state According to the midth century text Rajatarangini the Kashmir Valley was formerly a lake. Hindu mythology relates that the lake was drained by the sage Kashyapaby cutting a gap in the hills at Baramulla Varaha-mula and invited Brahmans to settle there.
This remains the local tradition and Kashyapa is connected with the draining of the lake  in traditional histories. The chief town or collection of dwellings in the valley is called Kashyapa-pura, which has been identified as Ancient Greek: The Raja of Jammu Gulab Singhwho was a vassal of the Sikh Empire and an influential noble in the Sikh court, sent expeditions to various border kingdoms and ended up encircling Kashmir by Gulab Singh took the title of the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir.
From then until the Partition of IndiaKashmir was ruled by the Maharajas of the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu. According to the census, the state's population was 77 percent Muslim, 20 percent Hindu and 3 percent others Sikhs and Buddhists.
The British Paramountcy over the Indian princely states ended. According to the Indian Independence Act"the suzerainty of His Majesty over the Indian States lapses, and with it, all treaties and agreements in force at the date of the passing of this Act between His Majesty and the rulers of Indian States".
Jammu and Kashmir, the largest of the princely states, had a predominantly Muslim population ruled by the Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh. He decided to stay independent because he expected that the State's Muslims would be unhappy with accession to India, and the Hindus and Sikhs would become vulnerable if he joined Pakistan.
Observers and scholars interpret this action as a tilt towards accession to India. In JulyMohammad Ali Jinnah is believed to have written to the Maharaja promising "every sort of favourable treatment," followed by the lobbying of the State's Prime Minister by leaders of Jinnah's Muslim League party.
Faced with the Maharaja's indecision on accession, the Muslim League agents clandestinely worked in Poonch to encourage the local Muslims to an armed revoltexploiting an internal unrest regarding economic grievances.
The authorities in Pakistani Punjab waged a 'private war' by obstructing supplies of fuel and essential commodities to the State. One plan called for organising an armed insurgency in the western districts of the state and the other for organising a Pushtoon tribal invasion.
Both were set in motion. Large numbers of Hindus and Sikhs from Rawalpindi and Sialkot started arriving in Marchbringing "harrowing stories of Muslim atrocities. The Maharaja himself was implicated in some instances.
A large number of Muslims were killed. Huge number of Muslims have fled to West Pakistan, some of whom made their way to the western districts of Poonch and Mirpur, which were undergoing rebellion. Many of these Muslims believed that the Maharaja ordered the killings in Jammu and instigated the Muslims in West Pakistan to join the uprising in Poonch and help in the formation of the Azad Kashmir government.
They took control of most of the western parts of the State by 22 October. Justice Mehr Chand Mahajanthe Maharaja's nominee for his next prime minister, visited Nehru and Patel in Delhi on 19 September, requesting essential supplies which had been blockaded by Pakistan since the beginning of September.
He communicated the Maharaja's willingness to accede to India. Nehru, however, demanded that the jailed political leader, Sheikh Abdullahbe released from prison and involved in the state government. Only then would he allow the state to accede.In the talks, "Pakistan signified willingness to consider approaches other than a plebiscite and India recognised that the status of Kashmir was in dispute and territorial adjustments might be.
Sep 24, · The Kashmir dispute dates from The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. However, there remained the .
List of disputed territories of India Jump to navigation There are several disputed territories of India. A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession or control of land between two or more states or over the possession or control of land by a new These areas serve as the center the major dispute between Pakistan and India.
Identification. As part of India's independence from Great Britain in , a partition took part of their land and created Pakistan as a separate Islamic nation.
The Kashmir conflict (Hindi: कश्मीर विवाद, Urdu: مسئلہ کشمیر ) is a dispute over the territory of Kashmir. The dispute is between India and Pakistan.
India claims all of . Jun 18, · Murder of 8-year-old highlights violence in Jammu, Kashmir. The horrific torture, rape and murder of an eight-year-old girl highlights the violence going on between Pakistan and India in the.