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Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
He once narrowly escaped drowning in a pond because no one was watching him. This marked the beginning of the long civil war known as the Frondein the course of which Louis suffered poverty, misfortune, fear, humiliation, cold, and hunger.
These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king. He would never forgive either Paristhe nobles, or the common people.
The war begun in between France and Spain was then entering its last phase. The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the The absolute monarch of louis xiv.
A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield. In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period. The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power.
No one suspected his thoughts. In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself. The young king Mazarin died on March 9, The dramatic blow came on March The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom.
This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation. He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbertmarquis de Louvoisand Hugues de Lionneamong whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity.
For 54 years Louis devoted himself to his task eight hours a day; not the smallest detail escaped his attention. He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes.
He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur. Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipationand made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him.
Etiquette became a means of governing. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation. He knew well how to make use of them. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences. Little remains of his splendid palaces at Saint-Germain and Marly, but Versailles —cursed as extravagant even as it was under construction and accused of having ruined the nation—still stands.
Reproduced by permission of the trustees of the Wallace Collection, London; photograph, J. Versailles was approximately the price of a modern airport; it was an object of universal admiration and enhanced French prestige.
All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles. Louis XIV was not wrong, as some have claimed, to remove himself from unhealthful and tumultuous Paris, but he erred in breaking with the wandering tradition of his ancestors.
The monarchy became increasingly isolated from the people and thereby assumed a decidedly mythical quality. Manufacturers, the navy and merchant marinea modern police organization, roads, ports, and canals all emerged at about the same time. After a brilliant campaign, the king had to retreat in the face of English and especially Dutch pressure.
He never forgave the Dutch and swore to destroy their Protestant mercantile republic. To this end he allied himself with his cousin Charles II of England and invaded the Netherlands in The long war that ensued ended inin the first treaty of Nijmegen with Louis triumphant. Zenith and decline The Sun King was at his zenith.
Almost alone he had defeated a formidable coalition Spain and the Holy Roman emperor had joined the Dutch against him and dictated terms to the enemy.
His fleet equaled those of England and Holland.As we shall see in our survey of seventeenth-century states, a monarch's absolute power was often very limited by practical realities. The day after Cardinal Mazarin's death, Louis XIV, at the age of twenty three, expressed his deterrnination to be a real king and the sole ruler of France.
Start studying Absolute Monarchs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. government in which the monarch's powers are limited by a constitution. Louis XIV minister, regarded as the "secret" behind French success in the s.
Sep 11, · King Louis XIV of France is the longest-reigning monarch in European history (–). His absolutism and ambition to make France the dominant power on the Continent were the hallmarks of the age. Biography of Louis XIV of France | Absolute monarch Embodiment of monarchical absolutism, his reign gave France the European hegemony and extraordinary cultural and artistic splendour. That was raised to the height of a God above the nobility, as owner and Lord of the person and property of nineteen millions of French, was born September 5. noun. something that is not dependent upon external conditions for existence or for its specific nature, size, etc. (opposed to relative).; the absolute, something that is free from any restriction or condition.
noun. something that is not dependent upon external conditions for existence or for its specific nature, size, etc. (opposed to relative).; the absolute, something that is free from any restriction or condition. Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye.
He became king at the age of four on the death of his father, Louis XIII. While Louis was a child, his mother, Anne of Austria, served as.
Absolutism, the political doctrine and practice of unlimited centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, as vested especially in a monarch or tranceformingnlp.com essence of an absolutist system is that the ruling power is not subject to regularized challenge or check by any other agency, be it judicial, legislative, religious, economic, or electoral..
King Louis XIV (–) of France. Louis XIV, France's Sun King, had the longest reign in European history (). During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars.