Pincasso Human resource management HRMor human resource development, entails planning, implementing, and managing recruitment, as well as selection, training, career, and organizational development initiatives within an organization. The goal of HRM is to maximize the productivity of an organization by optimizing the effectiveness of its employees while simultaneously improving the work life of employees and treating employees as valuable resources. Consequently, HRM encompasses efforts to promote personal development, employee satisfaction, and compliance with employment-related laws. To achieve equilibrium between employer and employee goals and needs, HRM departments focus on these three general functions or activities:
History[ edit ] Antecedent theoretical developments[ edit ] The Human Resources field evolved first in 18th century in Europe. It built on a simple idea by Robert Owen and Charles Babbage during the industrial revolution.
These men concluded that people were crucial to the success of an organization. They expressed the thought that the well-being of employees led to perfect work; without healthy workers, the organization would not survive.
Taylor explored what he termed "scientific management" others later referred to "Taylorism"striving to improve economic efficiency in manufacturing jobs.
He eventually focused on one of the principal inputs into the manufacturing process—labor—sparking inquiry[ by whom?
This movement, on both sides of the Atlantic, built on the research of Elton Mayo and others to document through the Hawthorne studies Hrm management and other studies how stimuli, unrelated to financial compensation and working conditions, could yield more productive workers.
Roosevelt and the New Deal had transformed the employer-employee relationship, and the discipline became formalized as " industrial and labor relations ". Corporations began viewing employees as assets.
Likewise, other terms sometimes used to describe the field include "organizational management", "manpower management", "talent management", "personnel management", and simply "people management". In popular media[ edit ] Several popular media productions have depicted HR.
Business function[ edit ] Dave Ulrich lists the functions of HR as: HR also ensures compliance with employment and labor lawswhich differ by geography, and often oversees health, safety, and security.
Consequently, HR, usually through representatives, Hrm management in lobbying efforts with governmental agencies e. Human Resource Management has four basic functions: Staffing is the recruitment and selection of potential employees, done through interviewing, applications, networking, etc.
Training and development is the next step in a continuous process of training and developing competent and adapted employees. Here, motivation is seen as key to keeping employees highly productive. This function can include employee benefits, performance appraisals and rewards.
Some businesses globalize and form more diverse teams. HR departments have the role of making sure that these teams can function and that people can communicate across cultures and across borders.
The discipline may also engage in mobility management, especially for expatriates ; and it is frequently involved in the merger and acquisition process.
HR is generally viewed as a support function to the business, helping to minimize costs and reduce risk. In larger companies, an entire functional group is typically dedicated to the discipline, with staff specializing in various HR tasks and functional leadership engaging in strategic decision-making across the business.
To train practitioners for the professioninstitutions of higher education, professional associationsand companies have established programs of study dedicated explicitly to the duties of the function. Academic and practitioner organizations may produce field-specific publications. Careers[ edit ] There are half a million HR practitioners in the United States and millions more worldwide.
Generalists support employees directly with their questions, grievances, and work on a range of projects within the organization. They "may handle all aspects of human resources work, and thus require an extensive range of knowledge. Some practitioners will spend an entire career as either a generalist or a specialist while others will obtain experiences from each and choose a path later.
The position of HR Manager has been chosen as one of the best jobs in the USA, with a 4 ranking by CNN Money in and a 20 ranking by the same organization indue to its pay, personal satisfaction, job security, future growth, and benefit to society.
Many professors conduct research on topics that fall within the HR domain, such as financial compensationrecruitmentand training. Virtual human resources[ edit ] Technology has a significant impact on human resources practices. Human resources is transitioning to a more technology-based profession[ when?
E-Recruiting Recruiting has mostly been influenced by information technology. HR professionals were not able to post a job in more than one location and did not have access to millions of people, causing the lead time of new hires to be drawn out and tiresome.
With the use of e-recruiting tools, HR professionals can post jobs and track applicants for thousands of jobs in various locations all in one place. Interview feedback, background and drug tests, and onboarding can all be viewed online.
This helps the HR professionals keep track of all of their open jobs and applicants in a way that is faster and easier than before. E-recruiting also helps eliminate limitations of geographic location. In addition to recruiting portals, HR professionals have a social media presence that allows them to attract employees through the internet.
Forms must be on file for a considerable period of time.Functions of human resource management described the scope of HR department. Every organization has its human resources, which should be managed effectively, because the success of the organization in the competitive environment is only due to the human resource factors, as all the other resources like financial, technological etc are common to almost every organization.
Human resources managers also consult with top executives regarding the organization’s strategic planning and talent management issues. They identify ways to maximize the value of the organization’s employees and ensure that Work experience in related occupation: 5 years or more.
The contextual approach is broader, integrating the human resource management system in the environment in which it is developed. According to Martin-Alcázar: ‘Context both conditions and is conditioned by the HRM strategy.’.
The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is the world’s largest HR professional society, representing , members in more than countries. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. The HRM department members provide the knowledge, necessary tools, training, administrative services, coaching, legal and management advice, and talent management oversight that the rest of the organization needs for successful operation.
Human resource management (HRM) is the practice of recruiting, hiring, deploying and managing an organization's employees. HRM is often referred to simply as .