But more than three decades of research shows that an overemphasis on intellect or talent—and the implication that such traits are innate and fixed—leaves people vulnerable to failure, fearful of challenges and unmotivated to learn. Parents and teachers can engender a growth mind-set in children by praising them for their persistence or strategies rather than for their intelligenceby telling success stories that emphasize hard work and love of learning, and by teaching them about the brain as a learning machine. A brilliant student, Jonathan sailed through grade school.
Students are usually even more sensitive about their pronunciation than their grammar, so be very careful how you deal with such problems.
If possible, it is probably better to pretend you have understood rather than ask the student to repeat himself 3 or 4 times or ask another student what he meant. You could always ask him again in private after the lesson; and help him to a correct pronunciation of important subject-specific vocabulary.
It is very important that you do not allow other students to mock ESL students for their pronunciation or imitate their accents.
And of course, you should never be tempted to do so yourself. Even if you are sure that the student in question can take a joke, there may be others of the same nationality in the class who would be offended.
As with grammar, it may on occasion be appropriate to draw attention to spelling mistakes. It is reasonable to expect students to spell correctly the keywords in an assignment.
If for example they are writing a homework about the water cycle, they should be corrected on mistakes in words such as evaporation, condensation etc. It may also be helpful to draw their attention to mistakes in common words that they always get wrong.
The student's ESL teacher will of course be aware of the problem, and if it is really severe will have suggested ways for the student to practice spelling common words correctly - e.
It depends what they're talking about!
This is not intended to be a flippant answer. Most teachers will justifiably object to ESL students engaging in a general chat in their own language during lesson time. This excludes the teacher and other students, and switches the students off from the focus of the lesson.
However, there are occasions where it can be quite acceptable for a student to speak his or her own language. Stronger students can quickly explain to less proficient students what the latter have not understood or what they have to do - this frees the teacher from constantly needing to check on the progress of the weaker student, allowing the teacher to devote enough attention to the other students in the class.
It can be distracting to everyone, however, if an ESL student is trying to do a simultaneous translation of what you are saying while you are saying it. It is helpful therefore if the lesson contains a number of natural breaks in which less proficient students can be helped to understand the important points you have made or what they have to do next.
In general, it is worth noting how important it is for students to be able to discuss their work in their own language. This not only helps to develop their understanding of the topic, but also serves to develop their mother tongue proficiency. There is more on this in my advice to parents about what they can do to help their child at home.
There is one more point to make: You can then use the language to facilitate or check the student's understanding of a task or explanation. It is good for the student's self-esteem to know that you have learned and value her language. There are times in lessons when it is essential that a student understands a word in order that what comes next makes sense.
On such occasions a quick search in the dictionary can be helpful or alternatively, a compatriot might be able to provide the translation. In general, however, students should be discouraged from looking up too many words in class, for two main reasons.
Firstly, it does not allow them to develop the essential skill of trying to understand words in context; and secondly, it cuts them off from what you say next.
Learning to use a dictionary accurately and effectively is not an easy skill, and many students take a long time finding a word, especially if they are trying to guess its spelling.
They may often fail to locate the correct translation of the hundreds of words that have more than one meaning. If the prop of using the dictionary is to be discouraged, however, it is essential that the teacher makes an effort to make his or her spoken language comprehensible.
See my advice sheet on this topic. It is also useful if the teacher can write key words on the board so that the student can look them up later in the lesson, or at home with the parents' help. The above advice refers to the use of a dictionary while a teacher is speaking to the class.
The situation is a little different if the student is working individually on an assignment, when looking up words will not distract her attention from the teacher.Jacobite – which is apparently still a real magazine and not a one-off gag making fun of Jacobin – summarizes their article Under-Theorizing Government as “You’ll never hear the terms ‘principal-agent problem,’ ‘rent-seeking,’ or ‘aligning incentives’ from socialists.
That’s. When your child makes a spelling mistake, what should you do? Find out how to handle spelling mistakes and download a free "cheat sheet" of tips and advice. If you must tell your children the vowel each time, you are defeating the goal.
and should be celebrated much the same. I very fondly recall my son’s “toof burashes” written. L - 3D for Designers: Introduction to Adobe Dimension CC Whether you’re a freelance artist or part of a team, see how to take advantage of the robust, powerful medium of 3D to speed workflows, enhance pitches, and bring ideas to life.
Free Essay: Celebrated Mistakes You Should Never Tell a Lie And Always Tell the Truth Ernestine M. Stevens Springfield College Lying is so easy to do for.
Celebrated Mistakes You Should Never Tell a Lie And Always Tell the Truth Ernestine M. Stevens Springfield College Lying is so easy to do for most people. We do this at an early age and do not even realize the trouble that we can get in. It seems so cute at first. Once you get grown and the legal complications start it is ugly.
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